Guide To Building Trades

Below are descriptions of the various trades.

Boilermakers: Boilermakers are responsible for assembling, erecting, and maintaining boilers, tanks, pressure vessels,heat exchangers, pollution control systems, furnaces, condensers, water towers, penstocks and scrollcasings using hoisting, rigging, welding equipment, tools and hardware. The work can require sometravel, can be indoors or outdoors, can include heavy lifting, and involves operating machinery andhandling dangerous materials. Drafting, math, geometry and blueprint reading are skills you will needas an apprentice.

Bricklayers: Bricklayers work on buildings, industrial, commercial and residential construction. They build walls and floors made of brick, stone, concrete block, precast and other masonry materials. They also install and finish tile, marble and terrazzo, perform concrete finishing, plastering, waterproofing and masonry restoration. It is important for apprentices to be comfortable with heights, have good math skills, and, have strong hand/eye coordination.

Carpenters: Carpenters work in a variety of conditions and have a wide range of skill levels. Carpenters weld metals, mold plastics, saw wood, form concrete, build scaffolds and layout buildings. They also install doors and windows, build cabinets and lay floors. Their tools are hammers, saws, lasers, digital and electric devices, as well as basic organizational skills. Carpenters crafts include: Carpenters and Joiners,Millwrights, Pile Drivers, Residential Carpenters, Interior Systems Carpenters, Lathers and Dry Wallers, Cabinet Makers and Millworkers and Floor Coverers. Millwrights are also listed separately. Training Apprentices & Journeyworkers from ME, MA, NH, RI, & VT.

Electrical Workers/ Telecommunications: Electricians assemble, install, maintain and test electrical equipment and wiring systems in residential,commercial, and industrial settings. They provide new wiring; power and controls to motors, HVAC and other equipment including light fixtures, fire alarms, traffic signals, outdoor lighting, process controls and energy management. In addition, they work with fiber optics, telephone communications, and temperature controls amongst other systems.

Elevator Constructors: Elevator constructors and mechanics assemble, install, and replace elevators, escalators, dumbwaiters, moving walkways and similar equipment in new and old construction. After installation, members service, maintain, and repair equipment, much of which is electronically controlled. Installers and repairers alike have a thorough knowledge of electronics, electricity, and hydraulics.

Heat & Frost Insulators: Heat and Frost Insulators apply insulation materials to pipes, tanks, boilers, ducts, refrigeration equipment and other surfaces requiring the thermal control of temperatures or soundproofing. Workers also do removal of hazardous waste and clean duct systems.

Ironworkers: Iron workers erect, assemble, or install fabricated structural metal products, usually large metalbeams. These beams are used in the erection of industrial, commercial or large residential buildings. Workers also erect the steel framework on bridges, storage tanks, overhead crane runways; as well as pre‐cast concrete and ornamental iron work amongst other projects.

Laborers: Laborers must have a working knowledge of all work performed by other building trades because they are tenders and helpers of many other crafts. Tasks include but are not limited to: road, highway, bridge, and tunnel building and repair, site preparation and cleanup, laying underground pipe and placing cement. Additionally, they often operate small power tools and work in demolition. Most of the skills training for laborer apprentices is conducted at the New England Laborer’s Training Trust Fund Training Academy in Hopkinton, MA.

Millwrights: Millwrights install conveyors systems, escalators, giant electrical turbines and generators. Theyperform maintenance on machinery in factories, and do much of the precision work in nuclear power plants. Millwrights study and interpret blueprints, and engage in drilling, welding, and bolting. They work primarily in metal and with machinery and equipment requiring precision. Millwrights are members of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America.

Operating Engineers: Operating Engineers operate and maintain heavy construction equipment such as cranes, excavators, loaders, pile drivers, and hoists. They use this equipment to excavate, move, or grade earth, erect structural steel, and pour concrete or other hard surface paving materials.

Coating Application Specialist: Apply/install protective coatings and linings to steel and concrete on complex structures, such as bridges and towers, ships and waterfront structures; manufacturing and processing facilities; and conventional and nuclear power generation facilities. (Part of Painters & Allied Trades)

Drywall Finisher: Once the drywall has been securely installed, Tapers fill the joints between panels with a joint compound. The process for finishing drywall has evolved over many decades and is an overlapping process in which each step or application has an effect on the next step. (Part of Painters & Allied Trades)

Glazier: An Architectural Glass and Metal technician, called a Glazier, is responsible for preparing, installing and removing various kinds of glass, mirrors, and metal framing. (Part of Painters & Allied Trades)

Painter‐Decorator: Painters and Decorators apply decorative and protective finishes in residential, commercial, institutional and industrial settings.

Plasterers & Cement Masons: Cement Masons finish the exposed concrete surfaces of freshly poured floors, walls, sidewalks, foundations, dams, parking garages and lots, runways, warehouses, loading dock floors, and roads. They level, shape, and smooth surfaces using straight edgers or power screeds. Plasterers apply plaster, cement of acrylic material to the interior and exterior walls and ceilings of a variety of large industrial and commercial projects.

Plumbers, Pipefitters, & Sprinklerfitters: Although the pipe trades are sometimes considered a single trade, workers generally specialize in one of three trades. Plumbers repair, install, or alter the water, waste disposal, drainage, andgas systems in homes and commercial and industrial buildings. They install plumbing fixtures –bathtubs, toilets, sinks, showers – and appliances such as dishwashers and water heaters. Pipefitters repair and install both high and low pressure pipe systems that are used in manu‐facturing, in the generation of electricity, and in heating and cooling buildings. They also install automatic controls that are used to regulate these systems. Steamfitters install pipe systems that move liquids or gases under high pressure and provide refrigeration installation and service. Sprinklerfitters install and service fire protection systems including fire standpipes, sprinklerheads and fire pumps.

Roofers & Waterproofers: Roofers weatherproof buildings by applying shingles made from fiberglass, slate, tile, and cedar or composite material such as felt rubber membrane. They also apply built‐up rubber, PVC and modern bitumen. Waterproofers apply materials to plaza decks and building foundations to keep moisture out.

Sheet Metal Workers: Sheet Metal workers build interior and exterior architectural work. They build a wide variety of products from sheets of steel, aluminum, copper and other alloys and install the finished products. They fabricate and install HVAC components and work in industrial plants and perform specialty fabrication.

Teamsters: The Teamsters union has several divisions, including a Building Material and Construction Trades Division. Members in this division are truck drivers who transport and haul material, merchandise, equipment or personnel between various locations–including construction sites, manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses, and wholesale and retail facilities. They may also load and unload, make mechanical repairs and keep trucks in good working order.